Human Rights Situation in India from 2000 to the Present

Abstract:

The concept of inalienable human rights has been drawn from the political thinkers such as John Locke, Jean Jaques Rousseau, Thomas Paine and the declaration on human rights by the UN in 1948. The paper takes a look at the human rights situation in India – the Indian Constitution and Rights; the Brahminic Hindu concept of rights. The human rights banner was raised in India even before independence. Next, the paper tries to contextualize the human rights abuse in India. India’s human rights record has been a blemished one. The paper then goes on to enumerate the human rights violations in India: the death penalty; the human rights violations in Jammu & Kashmir; the Armed Forces Special Powers Act; the Gujarat genocide of 2002; the rights violations of Bhopal Gas Tragedy victims; the cycle of impunity and torture during the Khalistan Movement in Punjab; rights violations in the wake of the passing of the Prevention Of Terrorism Act (POTA); human rights violations of persons in police custody, especially in West Bengal; and violence against women. The paper suggests ways to correct the human rights situation – through institutions such as the national human rights body and through direct governmental action.

Cost: Full paper (5386 words) available for Rs 200

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